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[1]于 谦,林 毅,聂 鹏,等.氮杂环卡宾在三吡唑基硼酸阴离子为支撑配体的钌中心上的环金属化[J].厦门大学学报(自然科学版),2018,57(01):9-17.[doi:10.6043/j.issn.0438-0479.201703044]
 YU Qian,LIN Yi,NIE Peng,et al.Cyclometalation of N-Heterocyclic Carbene on Ruthenium Center Supported by Tris(pyrazolyl)borate Anion[J].Journal of Xiamen University(Natural Science),2018,57(01):9-17.[doi:10.6043/j.issn.0438-0479.201703044]
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氮杂环卡宾在三吡唑基硼酸阴离子为支撑配体的钌中心上的环金属化(PDF/HTML)
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《厦门大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:0438-0479/CN:35-1070/N]

卷:
57卷
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
9-17
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-01-26

文章信息/Info

Title:
Cyclometalation of N-Heterocyclic Carbene on Ruthenium Center Supported by Tris(pyrazolyl)borate Anion
文章编号:
0438-0479(2018)01-0009-09
作者:
于 谦林 毅聂 鹏温庭斌*
厦门大学化学化工学院,福建 厦门 361005
Author(s):
YU QianLIN YiNIE PengWEN Tingbin*
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Xiamen University,Xiamen 361005,China
关键词:
三吡唑基硼酸阴离子 氮杂环卡宾 卡宾 环金属化
Keywords:
tris(pyrazolyl)borate anion N-heterocyclic carbene carbene ruthenium cyclometalation
分类号:
O 614.82+1
DOI:
10.6043/j.issn.0438-0479.201703044
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
鉴于三吡唑基硼酸阴离子(tris(pyrazolyl)borate anion,Tp)的钌配合物TpRuCl(PPh3)2在金属有机合成和催化反应中的多种用途以及氮杂环卡宾(N-heterocyclic carbene,NHC)配体所表现出的优势,试图合成与TpRuCl(PPh3)2类似的TpRu(NHC)骨架的配合物.采用TpRuCl(PPh3)2与NHC配体1,3-N,N-双(2,4,6-三甲基苯基)-4,5-二氢咪唑-2-卡宾(1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene,H2IMes)反应,未能得到预期产物TpRuCl(H2IMes)(PPh3),而是发生了H2IMes配体N-侧臂上邻位甲基的C—H键活化,生成H2IMes配体环金属化的产物TpRu(H2IMes-H)(PPh3)(其中H2IMes-H表示H2IMes的一个N-侧臂上邻位的甲基脱除了1个质子).分离得到的该化合物在二氯甲烷溶液中加热可解离PPh3配体,促成H2IMes-H配体环金属化侧臂上进一步发生苄基C—H键的α-H消除,转化为螯合的双卡宾H2IMes-2H配位的Ru—H中间体物种(其中H2IMes-2H表示H2IMes的一个N-侧臂上邻位的甲基脱除了2个质子),再和二氯甲烷溶剂发生H/Cl交换,生成最终产物TpRuCl(H2IMes-2H).
Abstract:
Inspired by the rich reactivity and catalytic properties of the tris(pyrazolyl)borate anion(Tp)ruthenium complex TpRuCl(PPh3)2 and the advantage of N-heterocyclic carbene(NHC)over the traditional phosphine ligand,the reaction of TpRuCl(PPh3)2 with the NHC ligand 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene(H2IMes)was investigated to obtain the TpRu(NHC)complex analogous to the versatile precursor TpRuCl(PPh3)2.The reaction proceeded to give the NHC-cyclometalated pro-duct,TpRu(H2IMes-H)(PPh3)(H2IMes-H=the deprotonated form of H2IMes)instead of the expected TpRuCl(H2IMes)(PPh3),in which the C—H bond activation of the o-methyl on the N-bound wingtip of the H2IMes ligand occurred.Heating a solution of the isolated compound TpRu(H2IMes-H)(PPh3)in CH2Cl2 led to the dissociation of the PPh3 ligand and further activation of the metalated benzyl C—H on the ruthenium center via α-H elimination,which was then followed by a hydride/chloride metathesis between the Ru—H intermediate and CH2Cl2 solvent to result in the bis-carbene chelated compound TpRuCl(H2IMes-2H).Inspired by the rich reactivity and catalytic properties of the tris(pyrazolyl)borate anion(Tp)ruthenium complex TpRuCl(PPh3)2 and the advantage of N-heterocyclic carbene(NHC)over the traditional phosphine ligand,the reaction of TpRuCl(PPh3)2 with the NHC ligand 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene(H2IMes)was investigated to obtain the TpRu(NHC)complex analogous to the versatile precursor TpRuCl(PPh3)2.The reaction proceeded to give the NHC-cyclometalated pro-duct,TpRu(H2IMes-H)(PPh3)(H2IMes-H=the deprotonated form of H2IMes)instead of the expected TpRuCl(H2IMes)(PPh3),in which the C—H bond activation of the o-methyl on the N-bound wingtip of the H2IMes ligand occurred.Heating a solution of the isolated compound TpRu(H2IMes-H)(PPh3)in CH2Cl2 led to the dissociation of the PPh3 ligand and further activation of the metalated benzyl C—H on the ruthenium center via α-H elimination,which was then followed by a hydride/chloride metathesis between the Ru—H intermediate and CH2Cl2 solvent to result in the bis-carbene chelated compound TpRuCl(H2IMes-2H).

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-03-25 录用日期:2017-04-25
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2012CB821600)
*通信作者:chwtb@xmu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01